Today, many chronic diseases are affecting the health of numerous people living in the modern society. Some of the most common conditions or diseases include hypertension, cholesterol, diabetes, heart attack, cancer and stroke. While many of these problems do not show any symptoms in the initial stages, most people often face severe complications in the later stages, when the problem grows bigger. Many check-ups help in identifying various diseases and other problem, but the master health checkup aim at detecting and correcting the significant conditions or problems during the silent phase.
Most of the health check packages have been designed, in a way such that it reduces the total cost of medical treatments with an early diagnosis. These check-ups offer you a series of tests that are based on screening tests that have been proved valuable and helpful. The master or annual health check-up are mainly for individuals, both male and female, who are between 25 to 75 years of age. While the package includes all the tests required, the master health checkup cost may differ from one place to another. Therefore, you must find out the rates before you visit any hospital.
A few of the most common tests that are included in the master health check-up are:
- Haemogram: The haemogram test is a blood test that covers up a few of the parameters that are essential to diagnose the different diseases, conditions or problems in the human body. The parameters include haemoglobin which is the complex protein that is found in the red blood cells that contain the iron molecules. One of the primary functions of the haemoglobin is to carry the oxygen from the lungs to the various body tissues and to exchange the oxygen for carbon dioxide. After that the haemoglobin takes the carbon dioxide back to the lungs and exchanges it for oxygen. The other few parameters include packed cell volume (PCV), red blood cell count (RBC), mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), peripheral smear, platelet count, total white blood cell count (WBC) or differential count. This is one of the most common and important tests in the annual health check-up.
- Biochemical Parameters: This test includes identifying and controlling various parameters such as the fasting sugar, haemoglobin A1c test (HbA1c), urea or creatinine, uric acid, postprandial (PP) blood sugar, all of which play a significant role in the well-functioning of the body.
- Lipid Profile: This test includes checking the total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides and total cholesterol or high-density lipoprotein ratio.
- Liver Function Tests: The liver function tests are necessary and therefore, most hospitals include this in their master health check-ups. This test helps detect the total protein, albumin and globulin levels, the alkaline phosphate, the serum bilirubin, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT).
- General Tests: Besides the other tests, the annual health check-up also includes some general tests such as complete urine analysis, stool test, echocardiogram (ECG), X-ray chest, pap smear, ultrasonogram of the abdomen, clinical examination, and more.
These are the most common tests that are included in most master health check-ups. However, the costs may vary in each hospital.